Joodse filosofie tussen rede en traditie. Feestbundel ter ere van de tachtigste verjaardag van Prof. dr. H.J. Heering pages:223-241
Franz Rosenzweigs main work, The Star of Redemption, dogmatically postulates God, world and man as substances. They arise out of the dark night of nothingness. Being three protorealities, they disprove monistic idealistic philosophy. They form the background to the texture of relations in thedialogical field of reality. This seemingly apodictic starting-point can be clarified by reading the two almost unknown texts, the Paralipomena and the preparatory notes for a lecture. Both texts develop Rosenzweigs fundamental questions. Nothingness is the limit which restricts reason. With respect to this limit, God is considered as existent (versus atheism), theworld as real (versus idealism and historicism), and man as free (versus determinism). The three substances appear in their positive form and are the deconstruction of the one-dimensionality of idealism. At the same time, they constitute the possibility of thinking their mutual relationship in a non-reductive manner. Relationality is the horizon of and the transcendental precondition for refuting idealistic philosophy. Thus, one can speak of a double bind. A hermeneutic approach seems to be unable to clarify this paradox. A rhetorical reading, however, inspired by Nietzsche and Derrida, shows that Rosenzweig reduces the conceptuality of idealism to a more fundamental level of metaphorical speech. God, the world and man are metaphors which on the level of representations negate the synthetic concept of idealism. By making this Schritt zurück, Rosenzweig can develop a New Thinking which starts from the reality of alterity, language and time.