Title: Comparative SEM and TEM examination of the ultrastructure of the resin-dentin interdiffusion zone
Authors: Van Meerbeek, Bart ×
Dhem, A
Goret-Nicaise, M
Braem, M
Lambrechts, Paul
Vanherle, Guido #
Issue Date: Feb-1993
Series Title: Journal of Dental Research vol:72 issue:2 pages:495-501
Abstract: The resin-dentin interdiffusion zone produced by a dentin-adhesive system that removes the smear layer and concurrently decalcifies superficial dentin was morphologically examined by both scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Cross-sectioned resin-bonded dentin discs were etched with an argon-ion beam to make the resin-dentin interface observable by SEM. For the TEM examination, the sections were partly decalcified by an aqueous EDTA solution to facilitate ultramicrotomy and to disclose the ultrastructure of the interdiffusion zone. Both SEM and TEM confirmed the presence of the resin-dentin interdiffusion zone as the junction between the deep unaltered dentin structure and the restorative resin. Within the interdiffusion zone, three sublayers with characteristic ultrastructure and staining were identified by TEM. An upper diffuse black layer contained few structural features. Underneath, partially-altered collagen fibrils were closely packed, mostly running parallel with the interface and perpendicular to the dentinal tubules. Their outline was electron-dense, forming tunnel-like structures. At the base of the upper layer, several stained projections were found to bulge out into the underlying collagen network and appeared to be confined by obstructive, parallel-running collagen fibrils. Finally, the third dense layer, containing hydroxyapatite crystals, demarcated the superficially demineralized dentin layer from the deeper unaltered dentin. Resin diffusion into the decalcified dentin surface layer was evident, but diminished with depth, presumably reducing deeper resin impregnation into the interfibrillar spaces. The citric acid dentin-pretreatment probably caused denaturation of the superficial collagen fibrils. Its decalcifying effect gradually weakened with depth, leaving behind hydroxyapatite crystals at the base of the interdiffusion zone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0022-0345
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biomaterials - BIOMAT
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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