Clinical oral implants research vol:12 issue:1 pages:85-90
The head of a human cadaver was positioned in a Cranex TOME multifunctional unit (Orion Corporation Soredex, Helsinki, Finland) to measure the organ radiation doses after tomographic examinations of the upper and lower edentulous jaw bone. Five consecutive examinations were carried out in the upper and lower anterior jaw regions to cover the entire frontal area, 2 in the upper and lower left premolar regions, and 3 and 4 in the upper and lower left molar regions, respectively. Each examination consisted of 4 slices with a 2 mm slice thickness. Thermoluminescent dosimeter chips were placed in the thyroid gland and bilaterally in the parotid and submandibular glands. Dosimetric measurements were repeated for the different tomographic examinations mentioned above. For spiral tomography in the maxilla, organ doses for both parotid glands were most elevated, while those for the thyroid glands were the lowest. Average doses per examination reached levels of 0.27 mGy for the right (OS) parotid gland with frontal tomography, and 3.89 mGy and 1.67 mGy for the parotid gland at tube-side (TS) for premolar and molar tomography. For the thyroid gland, a minimal dose of < or = 0.004 mGy was noticed for all examinations. For spiral tomography of the frontal area in the mandible, the OS parotid gland received the highest dose (0.77 mGy), while for an analysis of the premolar and molar areas, doses were more elevated for the TS parotid gland (1.22 mGy and 1.72 mGy, respectively). For the TS submandibular gland, organ doses were also raised, with values of 0.39 mGy for frontal, 1.31 mGy for premolar and 1.61 mGy for molar tomography. This study thus indicates that for conventional spiral tomographic examinations in the maxilla and the mandible, radiation doses for the TS submandibular and parotid glands were significantly more elevated than those to the thyroid gland. These values remain however below the organ doses previously reported for spiral CT involving both a full upper or lower jaw.