Inhibition of non-adrenergic non-cholinergic relaxations by nitric oxide donors
De Man, J G × Boeckxstaens, Guy De Winter, B Y Moreels, T G Herman, A G Pelckmans, P A #
European journal of pharmacology vol:285 issue:3 pages:269-74
The effects of pretreatment with the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing substances 3-morpholino-sydnoninime (SIN-1) and nitroglycerin were investigated on relaxations induced by non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve stimulation, authentic NO and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in the rat gastric fundus. Short periods of electrical stimulation (0.5-16 Hz, 1 ms, pulse trains of 10 s) induced frequency-dependent transient relaxations, previously shown to be mainly mediated by NO. Both SIN-1 (10-100 microM) and nitroglycerin (0.5 mM) pretreatment significantly reduced these electrically induced responses to a similar extent as the inhibitor of the NO biosynthesis L-nitroarginine (30-300 microM). Prolonged periods of electrical stimulation (16 Hz, 1 ms, pulse trains of 180 s) induced a sustained relaxation, previously shown to be mediated by NO and VIP. L-Nitroarginine (30-300 microM) or pretreatment with SIN-1 (100 microM) or nitroglycerin (0.5 mM) did not affect the amplitude of this relaxation but slowed down its onset. Authentic NO (0.01-10 microM) and VIP (0.01-10 nM) induced respectively transient and sustained concentration-dependent relaxations. SIN-1 or nitroglycerin pretreatment had no effect on the concentration-response curves to NO and VIP. These results indicate that prolonged exposure to NO donors inhibits electrically induced nerve-mediated NANC relaxations without affecting the postjunctional response to NO and VIP. As similar results are obtained with NO biosynthesis inhibitors, our results illustrate a prejunctional inhibitory effect of NO on the NANC nerves of the rat gastric fundus and suggest the presence of an autoregulatory mechanism for the nitrergic innervation.