Journal of Dental Research vol:81 issue:4 pages:270-3
Ineffective silane coupling between filler and matrix within dental composites is prone to accelerated in vivo degradation. In this study, we examined to what degree a procedure involving chemical decontamination of filler prior to silanization could improve the filler-matrix bonding, and thus the physico-mechanical properties, of composites. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that filler-matrix coupling largely depended upon siloxane bridge (Si-O-Si) formation between the silica surface and the silane molecule, rather than on intermolecular bonding between adjacent silane molecules. Pre-silanization decontamination based upon boiling silica in 0.05-5% sodium peroxodisulfate, followed by ultrasonic rinsing in acetone, most effectively decontaminated filler. Consequently, it significantly improved the bonding of silane molecules to silanol groups at the silica surface. Experimental composites produced following pre-silanization decontamination of filler revealed a diametral tensile strength that was resistant to degradation by thermocycling.