Journal of periodontal research vol:29 issue:3 pages:153-67
The tactile function of the human periodontal mechanoreceptors has mostly been studied by psychophysical approaches. It was concluded that periodontal mechanoreceptors play a major role in the tactile function of teeth. It must be noted however that the interocclusal tactile threshold is not solely determined by periodontal mechanoreceptors but also by pulpal, muscular or articular receptors. While temporomandibular joint receptors play a minor role, muscular receptors are important in the discriminatory ability for a mouth opening of 5 mm and more. To discriminate between the contribution of periodontal and other receptors in the oral tactile function, future studies should use appropriate psychophysical methodologies and well-defined stimulus parameters.