European journal of oral sciences vol:103 issue:6 pages:345-50
The present report aimed at evaluating the influence of recording conditions on the relative uptake of direct motor responses obtained in the masseter and temporalis muscles after electrical stimulation of their nerves, using a monopolar needle technique. In 10 subjects, various surface electromyographic recording set-ups were compared using supramaximal M-responses. Volume-conducted potentials originating from the masseter muscle could be recorded from the neck. For the masseter muscle, the optimal position for the active recording electrode was over the anterior and inferior part of the muscle belly. The configuration of the masseter M-response recorded from various positions over the muscle belly was highly variable both intra- and interindividually. The configuration of the M-response of the anterior part of the temporalis muscle showed less variability.