Title: The influence of surface free energy and surface roughness on early plaque formation. An in vivo study in man
Authors: Quirynen, Marc ×
Marechal, M
Busscher, H J
Weerkamp, A H
Darius, P L
van Steenberghe, Daniel #
Issue Date: Mar-1990
Series Title: Journal of clinical periodontology vol:17 issue:3 pages:138-44
Abstract: Previous in vivo studies suggested that a high substratum surface free energy (s.f.e.) and an increased surface roughness facilitate the supragingival plaque accumulation. It is the aim of this clinical trial to explore the "relative" effect of a combination of these surface characteristics on plaque growth. 2 strips, one made of fluorethylenepropylene (FEP) and the other made of cellulose acetate (CA) (polymers with surface free energies of 20 and 58 erg/cm2, respectively) were stuck to the labial surface of the central incisors of 16 volunteers. Half the surface of each strip was smooth (Ra +/- 0.1 microns) and the other half was rough (Ra +/- 2.2 microns). The undisturbed plaque formation on these strips was followed over a period of 6 days. The plaque extension at day 3 and 6 was scored planimetrically from color slides. Finally, of 6 subjects samples were taken from the strips as well as from a neighbouring smooth tooth surface (s.f.e. 88 erg/cm2; Ra +/- 0.14 microns). These samples were analysed with a light microscope to score the proportion of coccoid cells, and small, medium, and large rods or fusiform bacteria. At day 3, a significant difference in plaque accumulation was only obtained when a rough surface was compared with a smooth surface. However, at day 6, significantly less plaque was recorded on FEP smooth (19.4%) when compared with CA smooth (39.5%). Between FEP rough (96.8%) and CA rough (98.2%), no significant difference appeared.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0303-6979
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Periodontology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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