Fertility and sterility vol:92 issue:4 pages:1424-1427
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcome of laparoscopic repair of ureteral injury in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery.
DESIGN: Prospective trial.
SETTING: University hospital.
PATIENT(S): Forty patients with a ureteral lesion in laparoscopic surgery between 1991 and 2007.
INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic ureteral repair, laparoscopic-assisted or blind stent insertion.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment outcome of ureteral lesion analyzed by type of injury, time of diagnosis, and management.
RESULT(S): In 4,350 consecutive laparoscopic gynecologic interventions, 42 lesions occurred, 5 during hysterectomy, 1 during adnexectomy, and 36 during deep endometriosis surgery. In the latter group (n = 1,427), the incidence was 1.5% and 21% in women without and with hydronephrosis, respectively. In eight women in whom a stent was inserted after surgery without laparoscopic guidance, five were uneventful and three needed a second intervention. In all 34 women in whom a laparoscopic repair over a stent was performed, the outcome was uneventful, whether diagnosed and treated during surgery (n = 25) or after surgery (n = 9).
CONCLUSION(S): Laparoscopic repair over a stent was uneventful for all lacerations, transections, and fistulas, whether performed during or after surgery, and was superior to blind stent insertion. In women with hydronephrosis and deep endometriosis, a preoperative stent insertion seems to be mandatory.