Photo(chemo)therapy is used widely, and ultraviolet (UV) sources, protocols and indications are numerous. A survey was carried out to examine how photo(chemo)therapy is employed in private practice and to determine whether safety guidelines are respected. A questionnaire survey sent to Belgian, French and Dutch dermatologists generated 593 useful responses. UV sources, doses of UV and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), as well as the frequency of the treatment, were all different in the three countries. UV starting doses were rarely chosen according to the minimal phototoxic dose (MPD) or to the minimal erythema dose (MED). Total cumulative UV doses were not always determined. Maintenance PUVA therapy for psoriasis was still performed by 15 to 40% of dermatologists in the respective countries. Another striking fact was that genital protection is not universal. On the other hand, the irradiance of tubes is checked regularly, and contraindications are respected. Despite the availability of guidelines, clinicians seem to be inconstant in their assessment of the carcinogenic risk of UV radiation.