Characterization of the inorganic fraction of resin composites
Sabbagh, J × Ryelandt, L Bachérius, L Biebuyck, J-J Vreven, J Lambrechts, Paul Leloup, G #
Journal of oral rehabilitation vol:31 issue:11 pages:1090-101
The purposes of this study were to determine the weight fraction of filler in thirty-nine resin-based materials including flowable and packable composites, and to examine the morphology of the filler particles. The percentages of inorganic fillers by weight were determined by Thermogravimetric Analysis and by ashing in air technique at 900 degrees C. The size and shape of the filler particles were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after dissolution of the organic matrix. The weight fraction of inorganic fillers ranged between 41.6 and 84.6%. Wide variations were found among materials of the same category. Values found in the present study were sometimes different from those given by the manufacturers. The SEM photomicrographs showed various shapes, and sizes of inorganic fillers. Compared with universal hybrid restorative materials, flowable composites have lower filler loading and packable resin composites did not show higher values as claimed by some manufacturers. Various factors may explain the observed discrepancies between the manufacturer's data and our results. The silane treatment as well as the incorporation of organic material as part of the fillers of the composite could be responsible for those differences.