Image-based planning and clinical validation of zygoma and pterygoid implant placement in patients with severe bone atrophy using customized drill guides. Preliminary results from a prospective clinical follow-up study
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery vol:32 issue:1 pages:7-14
The zygoma implant has been designed for those situations where there is insufficient bone in the upper jaw, which would otherwise require onlay or inlay (sinus) bonegrafts. The aim of the study was to present and validate a planning system for implant insertion based on preoperative CT imaging. It allows the surgeon to determine the desired position of different kinds of implants. Finally a customized drill guide is produced by stereolithography. In this study, zygoma, pterygoid and regular platform implants were used. The treatment protocol is validated through 12 case studies, selected at random from the total patient group (n=29 patients). From postoperative images, the exact implant location is determined and the deviation of axes between planned and inserted implants is calculated. In this in vivo study, displacements, varying according to the type of implant and the location of the implants, were observed. From a clinical standpoint, most of the inserted implants were judged to be adequately sited. A prospective clinical follow-up study was performed on all 29 patients. Although all patients presented with severe maxillary atrophy, excellent cumulative survival rates (92%) for the zygoma implants and 93% for regular platform implants have been obtained.