Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry vol:20 issue:3 pages:241-5
In this study we demonstrated that caries prevalence and Plaque Index in long-term event-free pediatric oncology patients are related to Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus counts and buffer capacity obtained by chairside saliva tests. The scores showed a significant correlation between the microbiological findings and caries experience in both groups. The results were compared with a control group. A similarity in the results was found between the study and control groups. In a subgroup consisting of children who were diagnosed with cancer maximum two years before oral examinations, no significant differences with a control group was noticed. In this study we did not find any evidence of long-term effects on the studied salivary caries risk factors in children who are long-term event-free after cytotoxic treatment. Chairside tests seem to be useful in this patient group: they provide us information which can contribute to the determination of the individual caries risk, and help to motivate the patient and health care workers to maintain optimal oral hygiene.