Identification of an ATP-binding cassette transporter for export of the O-antigen across the inner membrane in Rhizobium etli based on the genetic, functional, and structural analysis of an lps mutant deficient in O-antigen
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:276 issue:20 pages:17190-17198
For O-antigen lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis in bacteria, transmembrane migration of undecaprenyl pyrophosphate-bound O-antigen oligosaccharide subunits or polysaccharide occurs before ligation to the core region of the LPS molecule. In this study, we identified by mutagenesis an ATP-binding cassette transporter in Rhizobium etli CE3 that is likely responsible for the translocation of the O-antigen across the inner plasma membrane. Mutant FAJ1200 LPS lacks largely the O-antigen, as shown by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and confirmed by immunoblot analysis. Furthermore, LPS isolated from FAJ1200 is totally devoid of any O-chain glycosyl residues and contains only those glycosyl residues that can be expected for the inner core region. The membrane component and the cytoplasmic ATP-binding component of the ATP-binding cassette transporter are encoded by wzm and wzt, respectively. The Tn5 transposon in mutant FAJ1200 is inserted in the wzm gene. This mutation resulted in an Inf- phenotype in bean plants.