Biocatalysis and Biotransformation vol:27 pages:328-339
Fructosyltransferases (FTs) are key enzymes in plants and bacteria to synthesize fructans. To gain insight on the specificity of the hexose subsites in the active site of FTs, ethylene glycol fructoside (EGF) and glycerol fructoside (GF), containing fructose in the furanose configuration, were synthesized in vitro and used as substrates to study the effect on the activity of bacterial levansucrase (BsLS), chicory root sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST) and fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferase (1-FFT). The results demonstrated that EGF and GF, at physiologically relevant concentrations, were efficient acceptor substrates for BsLS and 1-FFT, but not for 1-SST. EGF and GF cannot be used as donor substrates for BsLS, 1-SST and 1-FFT. A model is proposed to explain the subsite specificity differences between the three FTs involved in this study.