Expert Review of Proteomics vol:3 issue:2 pages:223-236
During the last decade, a major breakthrough in the field of proteomics has been achieved. This review describes available techniques for proteomic analyses, both gel and non-gel based, particularly concentrating on relative quantification techniques. The principle of the different techniques is discussed, highlighting the advantages and drawbacks of recently available visualization methods in gel-based assays. In addition, recent developments for quantitative analysis in non-gel-based approaches are summarized. This review focuses on applications in Type 1 diabetes. These mainly include proteomic studies on pancreatic islets in animal models and in the human situation. Also discussed are mass spectrometry-based studies on T-cells, and studies on the development of diagnostic markers for diabetic nephropathology by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry.