The Journal of invasive cardiology vol:11 issue:1 pages:9-12
BACKGROUND: Although coronary stenting has been demonstrated to significantly reduce restenosis compared to conventional angioplasty, occurrence of in-stent stenosis still remains one of the major limitations. This study investigates the influence of stent strut diameter on injury, inflammatory response, thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia in a porcine coronary artery. METHODS: Coil stents made of either a 0.12 mm, 0.15 mm or 0.18 mm wire were randomly implanted in the right coronary arteries of 30 pigs. Quantitative coronary angiography analysis was performed before, immediately after, and 6 weeks following the stenting procedure. At 6 weeks, histopathology for evaluation of injury, thrombosis and inflammation, as well as morphometry for calculation of the neointimal hyperplasia and internal elastic lamina area were performed. RESULTS: Quantitative coronary analysis showed similar quantitative data before and after stent placement in the three groups. At 6 weeks, however, a significantly bigger MLD was found in the 0.18 mm group. Morphometric analysis at 6 weeks confirmed these results, showing a significantly bigger lumen area in both the 0.18 mm (1.71 +/- 0.66 mm2) and 0.15 mm (1.36 +/- 0.53 mm2) groups compared to the 0.12 mm group (0.71 +/- 0.38 mm2). The calculated neointimal hyperplasia was similar in the three groups (0.12 mm: 1.93 +/- 0.51 mm2; 0.15 mm: 1.68 +/- 0.63 mm2; and 0.18 mm: 2.16 +/- 1.48 mm2). The internal elastic membrane area, however, was significantly bigger in the 0.18 mm (3.87 +/- 1.39 mm2) compared to the 0.12 group (2.65 +/- 0.53 mm2). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that pathologic remodeling can also play an important role in late lumen loss after stent implantation.