Title: Randomized coronary patency trial of double-bolus recombinant staphylokinase versus front-loaded alteplase in acute myocardial infarction
Authors: Vanderschueren, Steven ×
Dens, J
Kerdsinchai, P
Desmet, Walter
Vrolix, M
De Man, F
Van den Heuvel, P
Hermans, L
Collen, Desire
Van de Werf, Frans #
Issue Date: Aug-1997
Series Title: American Heart Journal vol:134 issue:2 Pt 1 pages:213-9
Abstract: One hundred two patients with evolving myocardial infarction of 6 hours' duration were given aspirin and intravenous heparin and randomly allocated to intravenous front-loaded, weight-adjusted rTPA administration over a 90-minute period (52 patients) or to two 15 mg doses of recombinant staphylokinase, 30 minutes apart (50 patients). Thrombolysis in Myocardial infarction (TIMI) perfusion grade 3 at 90 minutes was achieved in 68% (95% confidence interval, 55% to 81%) of patients treated with staphylokinase versus 57% (95% confidence interval, 43% to 72%) of patients treated with rTPA (p = not significant). Double-bolus staphylokinase was significantly more fibrin-specific than accelerated rTPA with residual fibrinogen at 90 minutes of 105% +/- 4.1% and 68% +/- 7.5%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Thirteen patients in each study group underwent angioplasty of the culprit coronary artery within the first 24 hours because of suboptimal recanalization (TIMI < 3). In the patients without prior coronary intervention, TIMI 3 at 24 hours was 100% after staphylokinase administration (n = 35) versus 79% after rTPA (n = 34) (p = 0.005). The distribution of inhospital events did not significantly differ between both groups. One patient receiving rTPA died in the hospital from ischemic stroke. Staphylokinase administration did not induce allergic reactions, but significant staphylokinase-neutralizing activity (> 5 micrograms/ml) and specific anti-staphylokinase IgG developed in 73% of patients after 2 weeks. Thus two 15 mg doses of staphylokinase induce early, complete, and sustained coronary artery patency at least as frequently as accelerated rTPA without associated fibrinogen degradation but with subsequent induction of circulating neutralizing antibodies.
ISSN: 0002-8703
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Laboratory for Clinical Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science