The Journal of invasive cardiology vol:12 issue:8 pages:389-94
Hydrogenated diamond-like carbon films (DLC, a-C:H), deposited using plasma-assisted or ion beam-assisted techniques, offer great potential as self-lubricating coatings in many tribological applications. Additionally, studies on biocompatibility have shown that DLC is an inert, impervious hydrocarbon with properties suitable for use in the biomedical field. One particular class of modified DLC coatings are diamond-like nanocomposite coatings (DLN or Dylyn , Bekaert, Kortrijk, Belgium), which offer promising solutions for many industrial applications. In this study, the biocompatibility of two diamond-like stent coatings are evaluated in a porcine coronary stent model. METHODS: Either coated or non-coated stents were randomly implanted in two coronary arteries of 20 pigs so that each group contained 13 stented arteries. Pigs underwent a control angiogram at 6 weeks and were then sacrificed. Quantitative coronary analysis before, immediately after stent implantation, and at 6 weeks was performed using the semi-automated Polytron 1000 system (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). Morphometry was performed using a computerized morphometric program. Angiographic analysis showed similar baseline selected arteries and post-stenting diameters. At 6-week follow-up, there was no significant difference in minimal stent diameter. Histopathology revealed a similar injury score in the 3 groups. Inflammation was significantly increased in the DLN-DLC coating group. Thrombus formation was significantly decreased in both coated stent groups. Neointimal hyperplasia was decreased in both coated stent groups; however, the difference with the non-coated stents was not statistically significant. Area stenosis was lower in the DLN-coated stent group than in the control group (41 +/- 17% vs. 54 +/- 15%; p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the diamond-like nanocomposite stent coatings are compatible, resulting in decreased thrombogenicity and decreased neointimal hyperplasia. Covering this coating with another diamond-like carbon film (DLC) resulted in an increased inflammatory reaction and no additional advantage compared to the single-layer diamond-like nanocomposite coating.