Title: Weekly pegylated interferon alpha-2b vs daily interferon a-2b versus standard regimen of interferon a-2b in the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection
Authors: Horsmans, Y ×
Collez, I
Van Vlierberghe, H
Langlet, Ph
Adler, M
Bourgeois, N
Brenard, R
Michielsen, Paul
Goossens, A
Bruckers, L #
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Series Title: Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica vol:71 issue:3 pages:293-297
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The combination of Pegylated (PEG)interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin is considered to be the standard treatment for naïve chronic hepatitis C patients. Study aims are to evaluate the differences between standard interferon and PEG-interferon by conducting a multi-centre, controlled randomized trial comparing 3 groups. Group A : daily interferon alfa-2b at a dose of 4 MIU + ribavirin, Group B : PEG-interferon alfa-2b at a dose of 100 mcg/week + ribavirin; Group C: interferon alfa-2b at a dose of 3 MIU TIW + ribavirin PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicentrer, open label study including naïve chronic Hepatitis C Virus patients randomised in three groups with a ratio of 2:2:1. Group A: daily interferon alpha-2b (4 MIU s.c. for patients > 65 kg or 0.06 MIU/kg < 65 kg) and ribavirin, group B: PEG-interferon alpha-2b (100 microg s.c. weekly for patients > 65 kg or 1.5 microg/kg weekly for patients < 65 kg) and ribavirin and group C (reference arm) : interferon alpha-2b (3MIU s.c. TWI) and ribavirin. The duration of the treatment was 48 weeks for all 3 groups, with a 6 month follow-up period. 336 patients were enrolled in the study and included in the intention-to-treat analysis; 78 never started treatment (35 in group A, 28 in group B and 15 in group C): 101 in group A, 98 in group B and 59 in group C. RESULTS: Demographic data, PCR results and reasons for early withdrawal have been statistically analysed. At baseline, the 3 groups did not show any statistical difference regarding age, gender, race, genotypes and METAVIR score. At week 24 on treatment, HCV ribonucleic acid RNA was undetectable in 87% in group A, in 79% in group B and in 69% in group C. At the end of treatment, 73% 74% and 58% respectively, had a negative PCR result. At week 24 of follow-up, these results were 71%, 64% and 48%, respectively. When comparing the efficacy of the daily interferon (+ ribavirin) and the PEG-interferon (+ ribavirin) regimen, no statistical difference was found (p = 0.32). In group A, 38% of drop-outs were due to adverse events compared to 37% in group B and 58% in group C. No statistical differences were observed regarding safety. CONCLUSION: Daily weight based interferon alpha-2b dosing and PEG interferon alpha-2b weighed based dosing once weekly both in combination with Ribavirin offer the same efficacy and safety rates.
ISSN: 0001-5644
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Hepatology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science