The Service Industries Journal vol:13 issue:2 pages:91-106
To maintain its relevance for the analysis of economic externalities and internalities rendered by locational behaviour and spatial organisation of firms, the concept of 'economies of agglomeration' must be amended in two ways. First, its socio-cultural content must be recognised. Second, the interaction between agglomerations and other spatial forms, in particular 'global networks of agglomerations', must be taken into account. If these two conditions are met, it becomes possible to disconnect economies which are traditionally attributed to agglomeration as a spatial form, from this spatial form and to revisit the significance of urbanisation economies for the location and spatial organisation of knowledge-based industries like advanced producer services. The relevance of reconsidering 'agglomerations in their global networks' for the analysis of the economic geography of such services is illustrated for information technology consultancy and executive search and selection consultancy firms.