Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences vol:67 issue:1 pages:135-145
The proximal NPXY and distal NPXYXXL motifs in the intracellular domain of LRP1 play an important role in regulation of the function of the receptor. The impact of single and double inactivating knock-in mutations of these motifs on receptor maturation, cell surface expression, and ligand internalization was analyzed in mutant and control wild-type mice and MEFs. Single inactivation of the proximal NPXY or in combination with inactivation of the distal NPXYXXL motif are both shown to be associated with an impaired maturation and premature proteasomal degradation of full-length LRP1. Therefore, only a small mature LRP1 pool is able to reach the cell surface resulting indirectly in severe impairment of ligand internalization. Single inactivation of the NPXYXXL motif revealed normal maturation, but direct impairment of ligand internalization. In conclusion, the proximal NPXY motif proves to be essential for early steps in the LRP1 biosynthesis, whereas NPXYXXL appears rather relevant for internalization.