A mutation of the mitochondrial ABC transporter Sta1 leads to dwarfism and chlorosis in the Arabidopsis mutant starik
Kushnir, Sergei × Babiychuk, Elena Storozhenko, Sergei Davey, Mark Papenbrock, J De Rycke, R Engler, Gilbert Stephan, U.W. Lange, H Kispal, G Lill, R Van Montagu, Marc #
Amer soc plant physiologists
Plant cell vol:13 issue:1 pages:89-100
A mutation in the Arabidopsis gene STARIK leads to dwarfism and chlorosis of plants with an altered morphology of leaf and cell nuclei. We show that the STARIK gene encodes the mitochondrial ABC transporter Stal that belongs to a subfamily of Arabidopsis half-ABC transporters. The severity of the starik phenotype is suppressed by the ectopic expression of the STA2 homolog; thus, Stal function is partially redundant, Stal supports the maturation of cytosolic Fe/S protein in Delta atm1 yeast, substituting for the ABC transporter Atm1p, Similar to Atm1p-deficient yeast, mitochondria of the starik mutant accumulated more nonheme, nonprotein iron than did wild-type organelles, We further show that plant mitochondria contain a putative L-cysteine desulfurase. Taken together, our results suggest that plant mitochondria possess an evolutionarily conserved Fe/S cluster biosynthesis pathway, which is linked to the intracellular iron homeostasis by the function of Atm1p-like ABC transporters.