Title: Thrombotic risk assesment in the antiphospholipid syndrome requires more than the quantification of lupus anticoagulants
Authors: Devreese, K ×
Peerlinck, Kathelijne
Hoylaerts, Marc #
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: W.B. Saunders
Series Title: Blood vol:115 pages:870-878
Abstract: Lupus anticoagulants (LACs) are associated with thromboembolic complications (TECs). LACs can be detected by their anticoagulant properties in thrombin generation assays, by the peak height (PH) and lag time (LT). To assess the thrombotic risk in LAC-positive patients, we have expressed the LAC activity quantitatively by PH/LT calibration curves, constructed for mixtures of monoclonal antibodies against beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2GPI) and prothrombin, spiked in normal plasma. PH/LT was determined in LAC patients, with (n = 38) and without (n = 21) TECs and converted into arbitrary LAC units. LAC titers ranged from 0 to 200 AU/mL, with 5 of 59 patients being negative. In the positive LAC titer population (54 of 59), LAC and anti-beta 2GPI immunoglobulin G (IgG) titers correlated with TECs, with odds ratios of 3.54 (95% CI, 1.0-1.7) and 10.0 (95% CI, 1.98-50.6), respectively. In patients with single or combined low titers, useful predictions on thrombosis could be made only after additional measurements of soluble P-selectin and factor VII. This layered strategy yielded positive and negative predictive values, sensitivity, and specificity values approximately 90% in this subgroup. Hence, LAC and anti-beta 2GPI IgG titers, when combined with selected markers of the hypercoagulable state, allow a relevant thrombotic risk assessment in nearly all patients with LACs. (Blood. 2010;115:870-878)
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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