Journal of Building Physics vol:34 issue:3 pages:223-246
Indoor air quality, occupant’s comfort, durability of building parts, and energy consumption are highly related to the variations in indoor relative humidity. Since interior finishes and objects assist in dampening the peaks in relative humidity, the knowledge of the moisture buffer potential of room enclosures is necessary to include its effect in whole-building simulations. In this article, a method for the in situ determination of the moisture buffer potential of room enclosures is presented. During a period of some days, a humidifier is placed in a room and a moisture production scheme is implemented.
Based on the measured RH-increase and decrease during loading and unloading steps, the ventilation rate and moisture buffer potential of the room are determined
inversely by solving the moisture balance of the room using the effective capacitance and effective moisture penetration depth models. The methodology is validated by well controlled experiments in a large climatic chamber with known hygric inertia, and afterwards applied to real room enclosures. Main advantage of the proposed method
is that a simple and fast experiment allows obtaining a comprehensive characterization of the hygric inertia of the whole building enclosure – including all interior finishes and multidimensional interior objects such as furniture, carpets, drapes, books, etc.