Title: Phospholipid binding and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activation properties of apolipoprotein A-I mutants
Authors: Holvoet, Paul ×
Zhao, Z
Vanloo, B
Vos, R
Deridder, E
Dhoest, A
Taveirne, J
Brouwers, E
Demarsin, E
Engelborghs, Yves #
Issue Date: Oct-1995
Series Title: Biochemistry vol:34 issue:41 pages:13334-42
Abstract: Recombinant human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and three deletion mutants: apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243), purified from the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli, were studied. The rate of turbidity decrease following mixing of apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) vesicles at 23 degrees C was 10-fold lower than that of the other apo A-I proteins, confirming that the carboxy-terminal region of apo A-I plays a role in rapid lipid binding. The Stokes radii of reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL), containing dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, were larger for the three apo A-I mutants [6.3 nm for apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6.1 nm for apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 6.5 nm for apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243)] than for intact apo A-I (5.0 nm). The mutant rHDL all contained 4 apo A-I molecules per particle as compared to 2 for intact apo A-I. Circular dichroism measurements revealed 8 alpha-helices per apo A-I molecule, 5 per apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6 per apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 4 per apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) molecule as compared to predicted values of 8, 5, 6, and 6 alpha-helices, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0006-2960
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Atherosclerosis and Metabolism (-)
Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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