Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems pages:4622-4628
IROS location:St.Louis, MO, USA date:11-15 October 2009
This paper derives analytic guidelines to tune the popular Position-Force bilateral controller and improve its performance by incorporating available knowledge on the bounds of the environment impedance. The proposed guidelines can prove especially useful in the domain of telesurgery where a need exists for well-understood bilateral teleoperation controllers, that show good performance and where many tasks can be characterized by restricted and relatively easily definable impedance regions. This paper firstly analyses the two-port passivity and absolute stability properties of two alternatives of the Position-Force controller. The limitations on achievable performance when guaranteeing absolute stability with arbitrary environments are detailed. Next, a novel method, called Bounded Environment Passivity method is introduced. This method enables the design of teleoperation controllers that show passive behaviour for interactions with an environment that varies over a given range of impedances. A set of guidelines that allow a smarter trade-off between performance and stability follows. The theoretical results are verified experimentally on a 1-d.o.f. teleoperation setup.