RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess changes in liver perfusion parameters induced by transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites using dynamic MR perfusion measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR perfusion measurements were performed before and after TIPS creation in 15 cirrhotic patients all with refractory ascites. Measurements were performed over a time period of 120 seconds providing 60 images for each examination and calculations were done in both liver and splenic parenchyma. Different perfusion parameters were assessed: time to peak (TTP), time to inflow deceleration (TID), maximal or peak perfusion (C-peak) and the wash-in rate. RESULTS: TIPS procedures were successful in all 15 patients but were complicated by hepatic encephalopathy in 3 patients (20%), and in another 4 patients (26%), persistent refractory ascites was still noted during follow-up. Overall, liver TID values decreased significantly (P = .001) after TIPS creation; liver wash-in values increased significantly (P = .04) after TIPS. TTP values did not decrease significantly (P = .16) and liver C-peak values did not change equally (P = .99). CONCLUSION: In cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites, TIPS induced a faster, but not an increased, contrast enhancement in the liver.