Association of four DNA polymorphisms with acute rejection after kidney transplantation
Grinyo, Josep × Vanrenterghem, Yves Nashan, Bjoern Vincenti, Flavio Ekberg, Henrik Lindpaintner, Klaus Rashford, Michelle Nasmyth-Miller, Clare Voulgari, Athina Spleiss, Olivia Truman, Matthew Essioux, Laurent #
Transplant international vol:21 issue:9 pages:879-891
Renal transplant outcomes exhibit large inter-individual variability, possibly on account of genetic variation in immune-response mediators and genes influencing the pharmacodynamics/pharmacokinetics of immunosuppressants. We examined 21 polymorphisms from 10 genes in 237 de novo renal transplant recipients participating in an open-label, multicenter study [Cyclosporine Avoidance Eliminates Serious Adverse Renal-toxicity (CAESAR)] investigating renal function and biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) with different cyclosporine A regimens and mycophenolate mofetil. Genes were selected for their immune response and pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic relevance and were tested for association with BPAR. Four polymorphisms were significantly associated with BPAR. The ABCB1 2677T allele tripled the odds of developing BPAR (OR: 3.16, 95% CI [1.50-6.67]; P = 0.003), as did the presence of at least one IMPDH2 3757C allele (OR: 3.39, 95% CI [1.42-8.09]; P = 0.006). BPAR was almost fivefold more likely in patients homozygous for IL-10 -592A (OR: 4.71, 95% CI [1.52-14.55]; P = 0.007) and twice as likely in patients with at least one A allele of TNF-alpha G-308A (OR: 2.18, 95% CI [1.08-4.41]; P = 0.029). There were no statistically significant interactions between polymorphisms, or the different treatment regimens. Variation in genes of immune response and pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic relevance may be important in understanding acute rejection after renal transplant.