Title: Consequences of chilling and cold stress on the cultivation of bromeliads
Authors: Vervaeke, Ine
Londers, Elsje
Ceusters, Johan
Godts, Christof
Deroose, Reginald
De Proft, Maurice #
Issue Date: 25-Nov-2004
Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science
Host Document: Acta Horticulturae vol:659 pages:755-762
Conference: VII International Symposium on Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climates: Production, Pest Management and Global Competition edition:7 location:Kissimmee, Florida, USA date:23-27 March 2004
Abstract: Most commercial bromeliads originate from the American tropics and subtropics. In Europe ornamental bromeliads are cultivated in heated greenhouses. The effects of (sub)optimal temperatures were tested on Aechmea fasciata, A. chantinii, Vriesea ‘Christiane’ and V. philippo-coburgii. During the winter period in Belgium two temperature regimes (minimum temperature) were used; i.e. NTR: day 21°C and night 19.5°C, CTR: day 15°C and night 12°C. Growth of both Aechmea’s was reduced when they were cultivated in colder conditions. The relative electrolyte leakage (REL) of the leaf tissue was determined in order to locate potential cell membrane damage. Aechmea’s cultivated at 15/12°C had higher REL values than their counterparts cultivated at 21/19.5°C. The turgor pressure of leaf cells from Aechmea’s grown at 15°C/12°C was negative. This indicated plasmolysis of the leaf cells. The studied Vriesea’s suffered less from these colder cultivation temperatures. They could also withstand more extreme cold temperatures (2°C), however frost (-4°C) was lethal. The better performance of the studied Vriesea’s could not be explained by an increased amount of sugars but was probably related with the superior condition of their cell membranes.
ISSN: 0567-7572
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IC
Appears in Collections:Division of Crop Biotechnics
Administrative and Support Services, Faculty of Engineering
# (joint) last author

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