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Title: Recovery of function and adenosine triphosphate metabolism following myocardial ischemia induced in the presence of volatile anesthetics
Authors: Mattheussen, M ×
Rusy, B F
Van Aken, H
Flameng, Willem #
Issue Date: Jan-1993
Series Title: Anesthesia and analgesia vol:76 issue:1 pages:69-75
Abstract: Using a normothermic isolated working rabbit heart model, experiments were performed to determine whether exposure to halothane or isoflurane prior to ischemia improved postischemic recovery of myocardial function and the preservation of myocardial high energy phosphates. After 30 min of Langendorff perfusion, hearts were perfused for 30 min in the working mode. Three groups were studied: 1) the blank undergoing no pretreatment during an additional 15 min of working mode; 2) hearts exposed to 1.5% halothane; and 3) hearts exposed to 2.3% isoflurane during the additional 15 min of working mode. Subsequently, all hearts underwent 15 min of global normothermic ischemia, followed by 5 min of Langendorff reperfusion and 15 min of working heart mode using a perfusate devoid of volatile anesthetic. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and catabolites were determined after 15 min exposure to volatile anesthetics or blank, after 15 min global ischemia and at the end of the recovery phase. Myocardial function was determined after 30 min of working mode, after exposure to volatile anesthetics, and at the end of the recovery phase. In nonischemic hearts, 15-min treatment with 1.5% halothane or 2.3% isoflurane resulted in a significant decrease in positive LVdP/dt, from 1858 +/- 286 to 1316 +/- 180 mm Hg.s-1 and from 1888 +/- 304 to 1541 +/- 226 mm Hg.s-1, respectively. Coronary flow was increased significantly after isoflurane but not after halothane.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0003-2999
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Experimental Cardiac Surgery
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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