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Title: Myocardial function defined by strain rate and strain during alterations in inotropic states and heart rate
Authors: Weidemann, Frank ×
Jamal, Fadi
Sutherland, George
Claus, Piet
Kowalski, Miroslaw
Hatle, Liv
De Scheerder, Ivan
Bijnens, Bart
Rademakers, Frank #
Issue Date: Aug-2002
Series Title: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology vol:283 issue:2 pages:H792-9
Abstract: For porcine myocardium, ultrasonic regional deformation parameters, systolic strain (epsilon(sys)) and peak systolic strain rate (SR(sys)), were compared with stroke volume (SV) and contractility [contractility index (CI)] measured as the ratio of end-systolic strain to end-systolic wall stress. Heart rate (HR) and contractility were varied by atrial pacing (AP = 120-180 beats/min, n = 7), incremental dobutamine infusion (DI = 2.5-20 microg. kg(-1). min(-1), n = 7), or continuous esmolol infusion (0.5 mg. kg(-1). min(-1)) + subsequent pacing (120-180 beats/min) (EI group, n = 6). Baseline SR(sys) and epsilon(sys) averaged 5.0 +/- 0.4 s(-1) and 60 +/- 4%. SR(sys) and CI increased linearly with DI (20 microg. kg(-1). min(-1); SR(sys) = 9.9 +/- 0.7 s(-1), P < 0.0001) and decreased with EI (SR(sys) = 3.4 +/- 0.1 s(-1), P < 0.01). During pacing, SR(sys) and CI remained unchanged in the AP and EI groups. During DI, epsilon(sys) and SV initially increased (5 microg. kg(-1). min(-1); epsilon(sys) = 77 +/- 6%, P < 0.01) and then progressively returned to baseline. During EI, SV and epsilon(sys) decreased (epsilon(sys) = 38 +/- 2%, P < 0.001). Pacing also decreased SV and epsilon(sys) in the AP (180 beats/min; epsilon(sys) = 36 +/- 2%, P < 0.001) and EI groups (180 beats/min; epsilon(sys) = 25 +/- 3%, P < 0.001). Thus, for normal myocardium, SR(sys) reflects regional contractile function (being relatively independent of HR), whereas epsilon(sys) reflects changes in SV.
URI: 
ISSN: 0363-6135
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiovascular Imaging and Dynamics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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