Medical Engineering & Physics vol:31 issue:4 pages:489-494
In total hip replacement (THR) a good initial stability of the prosthetic stem in the femur, which corresponds to a good overall initial contact, will help assure a good long-term result. During the insertion the implant stability increases and, as a consequence, the resonance frequencies increase, allowing the assessment of the implant fixation by vibration analysis. The influence of changing contact conditions on the resonance frequencies was however not yet quantitatively understood and therefore a finite element analysis (FEA) was set up. Modal analyses on the hip stem-femur system were performed in various contact situations. By modelling the contact changes by means of the contact tolerance options in the finite element software, contact could be varied over the entire hip stem surface or only in specific zones (proximal, central, distal) while keeping other system parameters constant. The results are in agreement with previous observations: contact increase causes positive resonance frequency shifts and the dynamic behaviour is most influenced by contact changes in the proximal zone. Although the finite element analysis did not establish a monotonous relationship between the vibrational mode number and the magnitude of the resonance frequency shift, in general the higher modes are more sensitive to the contact change.