Title: Single-bolus tenecteplase compared with front-loaded alteplase in acute myocardial infarction: the ASSENT-2 double-blind randomised trial
Authors: Van de Werf, Frans ×
Adgey, J
Ardissino, D
Armstrong, P W
Aylward, P
Barbash, G
Betriu, A
Binbrek, A S
Califf, R
Diaz, R
Fanebust, R
Fox, K
Granger, C
Heikkilä, J
Husted, S
Jansky, P
Langer, A
Lupi, E
Maseri, A
Meyer, J
Mlczoch, J
Mocceti, D
Myburgh, D
Oto, A
Paolasso, E
Pehrsson, K
Seabra-Gomes, R
Soares-Piegas, L
Sùgrue, D
Tendera, M
Topol, E
Toutouzas, P
Vahanian, A
Verheugt, F
Wallentin, L
White, H #
Issue Date: Aug-1999
Series Title: Lancet vol:354 issue:9180 pages:716-22
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Bolus fibrinolytic therapy facilitates early efficient institution of reperfusion therapy. Tenecteplase is a genetically engineered variant of alteplase with slower plasma clearance, better fibrin specificity, and high resistance to plasminogen-activator inhibitor-1. We did a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of tenecteplase compared with alteplase. METHODS: In 1021 hospitals, we randomly assigned 16,949 patients with acute myocardial infarction of less than 6 h duration rapid infusion of alteplase (< or = 100 mg) or single-bolus injection of tenecteplase (30-50 mg according to bodyweight). All patients received aspirin and heparin (target activated partial thromboplastin time 50-75 s). The primary outcome was equivalence in all-cause mortality at 30 days. FINDINGS: Covariate-adjusted 30-day mortality rates were almost identical for the two groups--6.18% for tenecteplase and 6.15% for alteplase. The 95% one-sided upper boundaries of the absolute and relative differences in 30-day mortality were 0.61% and 10.00%, respectively, which met the prespecified criteria of equivalence (1% absolute or 14% relative difference in 30-day mortality, whichever difference proved smaller). Rates of intracranial haemorrhage were similar (0.93% for tenecteplase and 0.94% for alteplase), but fewer non-cerebral bleeding complications (26.43 vs 28.95%, p=0.0003) and less need for blood transfusion (4.25 vs 5.49%, p=0.0002) were seen with tenecteplase. The rate of death or non-fatal stroke at 30 days was 7.11% with tenecteplase and 7.04% with alteplase (relative risk 1.01 [95% CI 0.91-1.13]). INTERPRETATION: Tenecteplase and alteplase were equivalent for 30-day mortality. The ease of administration of tenecteplase may facilitate more rapid treatment in and out of hospital.
ISSN: 0140-6736
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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