Predictors of left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction: effects of time to treatment, patency, and body mass index: the GUSTO-I angiographic experience
Lundergan, C F × Ross, A M McCarthy, W F Reiner, J S Boyle, D Fink, C Califf, R M Topol, E J Simoons, M L Van Den Brand, M Van de Werf, Frans Coyne, K S #
American Heart Journal vol:142 issue:1 pages:43-50
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant survival benefit associated with successful reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction, global indices of outcome left ventricular function, such as ejection fraction, have often demonstrated little or no improvement. Although these measurements are confounded by numerous clinical, physiologic, and angiographic variables, no comprehensive analysis of this issue in a large series of patients is available. We used the Global Utilization of Streptokinase and Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO-I) database to better understand this phenomenon by determining independent predictors of left ventricular function and their interplay with regard to outcome ventricular function and improvement in function during the initial postinfarction week. METHODS: Ninety-minute and 5- to 7-day posttreatment global and regional indices derived from left ventriculograms were analyzed from a population of 676 patients. These observations were combined with clinical data to describe independent determinants of ventricular function outcome. RESULTS: Clinical factors predictive of global and regional ventricular function as well as improvement in function between 90 minutes and 5 to 7 days included time to treatment, early infarct-related artery flow grade, and body mass index. These same factors contribute significantly to compensatory hyperkinesis of the noninfarct zone, which is critical to maintenance of global ventricular function during this time period. CONCLUSIONS: The ventricular function benefits of early complete reperfusion after myocardial infarction are readily demonstrable after adjustment for multiple covariables and include (1) maintenance of global ventricular function and (2) prevention or delay in ventricular dilatation.