Building and Environment vol:43 issue:4 pages:638-650
This paper describes how to optimize the energy performance of single-story multiple-skin facades (MSF) by changing the settings of the facades and HVAC-system according to the net energy demand of the building. The annual energy performance is analyzed for typical Belgian climatic conditions using a whole building simulation tool. Three MSF are scrutinised: a mechanically ventilated airflow window, a naturally ventilated double-skin facade and a mechanically ventilated supply window. Their performance is compared against the performance of two traditional facades: a traditional window with exterior and interior shading device. It is shown that both the heating and cooling demand may significantly be improved by implementing control strategies such as controlling the airflow rate and the recovery of air returning from the multiple-skin facades. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.