Elsevier on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
FEBS Letters vol:495 issue:1-2 pages:61-65
The present study investigates the electrophysiological actions of BmK M1, an alpha-like toxin purified from the venom of the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch, on voltage-gated Na+ channels. Using the voltage clamp technique, we assessed the BmK M1 activity on the cardiac Na+ channel (hH1) functionally expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The main actions of the toxin are a concentration-dependent slowing of the inactivation process and a hyperpolarizing shift of the steady-state inactivation. This work is the first electrophysiological characterization of BmK M1 on a cloned Na+ channel, demonstrating that this toxin belongs to the class of scorpion alpha-toxins. Our results also show that BmK M1 can be considered as a cardiotoxin.