Journal of hypertension vol:1 issue:2 pages:123-30
A double-blind placebo-controlled study was carried out in 10 sodium-deplete normal men to determine whether prostaglandin synthesis inhibition (PG-inhibition) by indomethacin (150 mg daily for three days plus an additional 50 mg on the morning of the active experiments) affected blood pressure and humoral factors at exercise. Urinary sodium excretion during placebo averaged 39 mEq/24 h. Independent of the level of physical activity, PG-inhibition increased (P less than 0.001) intraarterial systolic pressure by 12 mmHg and mean and diastolic pressure by 5 and 3 mmHg, respectively. Heart rate, body weight and exercise capacity were not significantly changed. Following PG-inhibition plasma 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F alpha, plasma renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone were reduced (P less than 0.001) to a similar degree at rest and exercise. However, PG-inhibition did not abolish the exercise related stimulation of the plasma renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. PG-inhibition had no significant effect on the plasma catecholamines nor on the urinary excretion of aldosterone and kallikrein. Twenty-four-h urinary sodium (-15 mEq; P less than 0.01) decreased. In sodium-deplete subjects prostaglandins seem to exert a depressor action on the systemic circulation, and to have a tonic influence on the renin system. Both these effects are similar at rest and exercise. Prostaglandins are probably not involved in the exercise-induced stimulation of the plasma renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.