Geological Survey of Belgium Professional Papers vol:303 issue:1 pages:92-92
International Meeting of Anthracology edition:4th location:Brussels date:8-13 September 2008
The Roman and early Byzantine occupation of Sagalassos, between the 1st and 7th centuries AD, had an influence on the shaping of the landscape and, in particular, on the surrounding woodlands around the site during this period. Thanks to the long term environmental archaeology studies at Sagalassos, excavated under the directorship of Prof. Marc Waelkens (K.U.Leuven), a large number of anthracological samples from different contexts are available. These numerous wood charcoals retrieved from the cultural layers of the site give us the possibility to follow directly, which kind of wood was used at the site and to establish how this use both reflects and has affected the surrounding of the town of Sagalassos. The current study presents the wood charcoal analyses of over 40 samples (total volume ca. 1760 l and more than 5000 charcoal fragments) from the period between the 5th to 7th century. The studied material originates from 6 areas of the town – connected with official (Odeion (OD), Lower Agora (LA), domestic (Domestic Area (DA)), craft (Potters’ Quarter (PQ)), and other (Roman Baths (RB ) and Macellum (MAC)) activities.
The vast surface of the town and the variation in the use of space raises the question how to obtain representative information on the woodland use when a wide variety of contexts is available connected with official, domestic, craft or other purposes. To answer this question, optimal sample size estimations and statistical techniques were considered as well as the composition of contemporary samples from the different areas and contexts. Most of the studied samples were obtained through flotation. Samples taken from construction wood were threatened separately. The general tendency of prevailing cedar wood in the town’s late occupation was confirmed in all of the studied contexts. This probably shows the use of the wood resources from the higher mountain, since the species grows in the coniferous belt of the mountain at an elevation between 1000 - 2000 m a. s. l. Finally, the data from the anthracological analyses were compared to those of the pollen analysis for the surroundings of Sagalassos..