Lack of clopidogrel pretreatment effect on the relative efficacy of bivalirudin with provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade compared to heparin with routine glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade: a REPLACE-2 substudy
Saw, Jacqueline × Lincoff, A Michael Desmet, Walter Betriu, Amadeo Rutsch, Wolfgang Wilcox, Robert G Kleiman, Neil S Wolski, Kathy Topol, Eric J #
Journal of the American College of Cardiology vol:44 issue:6 pages:1194-9
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess if clopidogrel pretreatment affects the relative efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin with glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa blockade for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). BACKGROUND: Although thienopyridine pretreatment may improve clinical outcomes with PCI, it is unknown if bivalirudin's efficacy compared with heparin is dependent upon such pretreatment. METHODS: The Randomized Evaluation in Percutaneous coronary intervention Linking Angiomax to reduced Clinical Events (REPLACE-2) trial was a double-blind, triple-dummy, randomized-controlled trial comparing heparin plus routine GP IIb/IIIa blockade (heparin group) with bivalirudin plus provisional GP IIb/IIIa blockade (bivalirudin group) during PCI. The primary end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), urgent revascularization at 30 days, and major in-hospital bleeding. The secondary end point was a 30-day composite of death, MI, and urgent revascularization. Clopidogrel pretreatment was encouraged (300 mg loading, 75 mg/day). RESULTS: Of 6,010 patients enrolled, 5,893 received clopidogrel, with 85.8% in the bivalirudin and 84.6% in the heparin group receiving clopidogrel pretreatment. Bivalirudin (provisional GP IIb/IIIa blockade 7.2%) was noninferior to the heparin group for both primary and secondary end points. Clopidogrel pretreatment did not affect the relative efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin with GP IIb/IIIa blockade, irrespective of pretreatment duration. Pretreatment was associated with significantly lower primary end point with bivalirudin (8.7% pretreatment vs. 12.9% no pretreatment, p = 0.007), and nonsignificantly with heparin (9.7% vs. 11.7%, respectively, p = 0.20). Multivariable models showed a trend toward lower primary and secondary end points with clopidogrel pretreatment. CONCLUSIONS: Clopidogrel pretreatment at the doses and time administered in this trial did not influence the relative efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin plus GP IIb/IIIa blockade for PCI. However, pretreatment was associated with a trend towards lower clinical events after PCI.