Members of the tachykinin peptide family have been well conserved during evolution and are mainly expressed in the central nervous system and in the intestine of both vertebrates and invertebrates. In these animals, they act as multifunctional messengers that exert their biological effects by specifically interacting with a subfamily of structurally related G protein-coupled receptors. Despite the identification of multiple tachykinin-related peptides (TKRPs) in species belonging to the insects, crustaceans, mollusks and echiuroid worms, only five invertebrate receptors harboring profound sequence similarities to mammalian receptors for tachykinins have been functionally characterized to date. Three of these have been cloned from dipteran insect species, i.e. NKD (neurokinin receptor from Drosophila), DTKR (Drosophila tachykinin receptor) and STKR (tachykinin-related peptide receptor from the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans). In addition, two receptors from non-insect species, present in echiuroid worms and mollusks, respectively have been identified as well. In this brief review, we will survey some recent findings and insights into the signaling properties of invertebrate tachykinin-related peptides via their respective receptors. In this context, we will also point out the necessity to take into account differences in signaling mechanisms induced by distinct TKRP isoforms in insects.