Basic research in cardiology vol:86 issue:1 pages:21-31
The effect of pretreatment with selective beta 1-adrenoceptor blockers (dl-nebivolol or atenolol) on myocardial mechanical activity, mitochondrial function, morphology, and calcium cytochemistry was studied during normothermic ischemic arrest and reperfusion of isolated working rabbit hearts. The hearts subjected to 25 min of ischemia followed by 30 min of post-ischemic reperfusion showed typical signs of severe myocardial ischemic damage. The ultrastructural changes showed a good relation with the changes in mechanical activity and mitochondrial function. To determine whether these changes could be prevented or reduced by beta 1-adrenoceptor blockade, dl-nebivolol or atenolol (0.62 mg/liter) was added to the perfusate 30 min before the induction of ischemia. The results showed that dl-nebivolol exerted a protective effect on recovery of mechanical activity, on mitochondrial function during reperfusion as well as on the ultrastructure as examined at the end of the reperfusion period. On the other hand, atenolol failed to protect the myocardium against ischemia-reperfusion damage in the isolated working rabbit heart.