Title: Mammalian phosphomannomutase PMM1 is the brain IMP-sensitive glucose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Authors: Veiga-da-Cunha, Maria ×
Vleugels, Wendy
Maliekal, Pushpa
Matthijs, Gert
Van Schaftingen, Emile #
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:283 issue:49 pages:33988-33993
Abstract: Glucose 1,6-bisphosphate (Glc-1,6-P(2)) concentration in brain is much higher than what is required for the functioning of phosphoglucomutase, suggesting that this compound has a role other than as a cofactor of phosphomutases. In cell-free systems, Glc-1,6-P(2) is formed from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate and Glc-6-P by two related enzymes: PGM2L1 (phosphoglucomutase 2-like 1) and, to a lesser extent, PGM2 (phosphoglucomutase 2). It is hydrolyzed by the IMP-stimulated brain Glc-1,6-bisphosphatase of still unknown identity. Our aim was to test whether Glc-1,6-bisphosphatase corresponds to the phosphomannomutase PMM1, an enzyme of mysterious physiological function sharing several properties with Glc-1,6-bisphosphatase. We show that IMP, but not other nucleotides, stimulated by >100-fold (K(a) approximately 20 mum) the intrinsic Glc-1,6-bisphosphatase activity of recombinant PMM1 while inhibiting its phosphoglucomutase activity. No such effects were observed with PMM2, an enzyme paralogous to PMM1 that physiologically acts as a phosphomannomutase in mammals. Transfection of HEK293T cells with PGM2L1, but not the related enzyme PGM2, caused an approximately 20-fold increase in the concentration of Glc-1,6-P(2). Transfection with PMM1 caused a profound decrease (>5-fold) in Glc-1,6-P(2) in cells that were or were not cotransfected with PGM2L1. Furthermore, the concentration of Glc-1,6-P(2) in wild-type mouse brain decreased with time after ischemia, whereas it did not change in PMM1-deficient mouse brain. Taken together, these data show that PMM1 corresponds to the IMP-stimulated Glc-1,6-bisphosphatase and that this enzyme is responsible for the degradation of Glc-1,6-P(2) in brain. In addition, the role of PGM2L1 as the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the elevated concentrations of Glc-1,6-P(2) in brain is established.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
Clinical Genetics Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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