Journal of human hypertension vol:7 issue:1 pages:7-12
The determinants of the left ventricular diastolic transmitral flow pattern, measured by use of Doppler velocimetry, were assessed in 40 patients referred for hypertension. The ratio of the atrial to early filling peak velocity (A/E ratio) averaged 0.82 +/- 0.23, BP 156 +/- 19/100 +/- 13 mmHg and left ventricular mass 220 +/- 57. In multiple regression analysis the A/E ratio was independently and positively related to age (P < 0.001) and BP (P < 0.001) and inversely to the fractional shortening of the left ventricular internal diameter (P < 0.01) and left atrial size at end-systole (P < 0.05); these variables accounted for 71% of the variance of the A/E ratio. The peak flow velocity during atrial contraction was positively and independently related to age (P < 0.001), BP (P < 0.05) and heart rate (P < 0.05); early filling velocity decreased with age (P < 0.001) and was positively related to heart rate (P < 0.01), left atrial diameter (P < 0.01) and fractional shortening (P < 0.001). The weak positive associations of the A/E ratio with left ventricular mass (r = 0.32; P < 0.05) and wall thickness (r = 0.38; P < 0.05) did not persist in multiple regression analysis. In conclusion, the left ventricular diastolic filling indexes are related to age, BP, left atrial size and to systolic left ventricular function but left ventricular structural variables, as measured by echocardiography, are not significantly involved.