Title: Presence of Amylose Crystallites in Parboiled Rice
Other Titles: Amylose crystallites in parboiled rice
Authors: Lamberts, Lieve ×
Gomand, Sara
Derycke, Veerle
Delcour, Jan #
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:57 issue:8 pages:3210-3216
Abstract: Mildly, intermediately, and severely parboiled Jacinto [16% free amylose (FAM) content] and Puntal (26% FAM content) rice samples were submitted to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). DSC thermograms revealed ungelatinized starch only in mildly parboiled rices and retrograded amylopectin in all parboiled samples. Amylose crystallites were present in intermediately and severely parboiled samples but could not be detected due to their high melting temperature. Nonparboiled and parboiled rice DSC profiles showed only type I and type 11 amylose-lipid complexes, respectively. Intermediately and severely parboiled rice showed a clear V-h-type (crystalline amylose-lipid complexes) with a superimposed B-type (retrograded amylopectin and/or amylose crystallites) pattern. The mildly parboiled samples showed a mix of A- (native starch crystallites) and Vh-type patterns (Puntal) and A-, V-h-, and B-type patterns (Jacinto). Mild acid hydrolysis destroyed the acid labile retrograded amylopectin crystallites and increased the relative abundance of amylose crystallites. Indeed, acid-hydrolyzed intermediately and severely parboiled samples of both cultivars showed a clear B-type diffraction pattern conclusively showing, for the first time, the presence of amylose crystallites. The melting temperature of the amylose crystallites was ca. 135 degrees C, and melting peaks were visible in the DSC thermograms of the intermediately and severely parboiled samples. Their levels depended on the degree of parboiling and FAM content.
ISSN: 0021-8561
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Food and Microbial Technology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:
File Description Status SizeFormat
Lamberts 2009 J Agric Food Chem 57 3210-3216.pdf Published 565KbAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

These files are only available to some KU Leuven Association staff members


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science