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Title: Epistatic interaction between alpha- and gamma-adducin influences peripheral and central pulse pressures in white Europeans
Authors: Cwynar, Marcin ×
Staessen, Jan A
Tichá, Milena
Nawrot, Tim
Citterio, Lorena
Kuznetsova, Tatiana
Wojciechowska, Wiktoria
Stolarz, Katarzyna
Filipovský, Jan
Kawecka-Jaszcz, Kalina
Grodzicki, Tomasz
Struijker-Boudier, Harry A
Thijs, Lutgarde
Van Bortel, Luc M
Bianchi, Giuseppe #
Issue Date: May-2005
Series Title: Journal of hypertension vol:23 issue:5 pages:961-9
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Adducin is a membrane skeleton protein consisting of alpha- and beta- or alpha- and gamma-subunits. Mutations in alpha- and beta-adducin are associated with hypertension. In the European Project on Genes in Hypertension, we investigated whether polymorphisms in the genes encoding alpha-adducin (Gly460Trp), beta-adducin (C1797T) and gamma-adducin (A386G), alone or in combination, affected pulse pressure (PP), an index of vascular stiffness. METHODS: We measured peripheral and central PP by conventional sphygmomanometry and applanation tonometry, respectively. We randomly recruited 642 subjects (162 nuclear families and 70 unrelated individuals) from three European populations. In multivariate analyses, we used generalized estimating equations and the quantitative transmission disequilibrium test. RESULTS: Peripheral and central PP averaged 46.1 and 32.6 mmHg, respectively. Among carriers of the alpha-adducin Trp allele, peripheral and central PP were 5.8 and 4.7 mmHg higher in gamma-adducin GG homozygotes than in their AA counterparts, due to an increase in systolic pressure. gamma-Adducin GG homozygosity was associated with lower urinary Na/K ratio among alpha-adducin Trp allele carriers and with higher urinary aldosterone excretion among alpha-adducin GlyGly homozygotes. Sensitivity analyses in founders and offspring separately, and tests based on the transmission of the gamma-adducin G allele across families, confirmed the interaction between the alpha- and gamma-adducin genes. CONCLUSIONS: In alpha-adducin Trp allele carriers, peripheral and central PP increased with the gamma-adducin G allele. This epistatic interaction is physiologically consistent with the heterodimeric structure of the protein and its influence on transmembranous sodium transport.
ISSN: 0263-6352
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Occupational, Environmental and Insurance Medicine (-)
Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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