Title: Left ventricular geometry and endogenous ouabain in a Flemish population
Authors: Kuznetsova, Tatiana ×
Manunta, P
Casamassima, N
Messaggio, E
Jin, Y
Thijs, L
Richart, T
Fagard, Robert
Bianchi, G
Staessen, Jan A #
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Publisher: Gower Medical Pub.
Series Title: Journal of Hypertension vol:27 issue:9 pages:1884-91
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Endogenous ouabain, an endogenous digitalis-like steroid, is synthesized in the adrenal glands and possibly in the hypothalamus. In vitro and in vivo, endogenous ouabain triggers growth and proliferation of cardiomyocytes. OBJECTIVE: We therefore investigated the association between left ventricular structure and function and plasma endogenous ouabain in a general population. METHODS: We randomly recruited 536 individuals from a general population (50.7% women, mean age 53.1 years). Measurements included echocardiographic left ventricular structure and function, blood pressure, plasma endogenous ouabain, and the 24-h urinary excretion of sodium. RESULTS: The geometric mean plasma endogenous ouabain was 95.5 pmol/l (interquartile range 79.4-120.2 pmol/l). We expressed effect sizes for a 1-SD increase in plasma endogenous ouabain (0.21 on the logarithmic scale), while accounting for important covariables. For a 1-SD increment in plasma endogenous ouabain, SBP, left ventricular posterior wall, the interventricular septum, and relative wall thickness increased by 1.59 mmHg (P = 0.009), 0.138 mm (P = 0.003), 0.152 mm (P = 0.013), and 0.71 x 10 (P = 0.008), respectively. In a sensitivity analysis, involving 431 individuals aged 29-71 years (10-90th percentile interval), a 1-SD increase in plasma endogenous ouabain was associated with opposite trends in ejection fraction (+0.90%, P = 0.005) and left ventricular systolic longitudinal strain (-0.48%, P = 0.011). Moreover, in individuals whose sodium excretion was above median (160 mmol/24 h), the aforementioned associations reached a higher level of statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Our population-based study suggested that endogenous ouabain might have a trophic effect on the myocardium, independent of blood pressure and other covariables. The clinical implication of these findings remains to be elucidated.
ISSN: 0263-6352
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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