Title: Measurement of free, one-chain tissue-type plasminogen activator in human plasma with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on an active site-specific murine monoclonal antibody
Authors: Holvoet, Paul ×
Boes, J
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jan-1987
Series Title: Blood vol:69 issue:1 pages:284-9
Abstract: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for free tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in human blood was developed based on a murine monoclonal antibody directed against the active site of t-PA. The lower limit of sensitivity of the assay applied to plasma is 2 ng/mL for one-chain t-PA but only 100 ng/mL for two-chain t-PA. Free t-PA in plasma taken at rest was found in 6 of 21 healthy subjects (4.5 +/- 0.8 ng/mL, mean +/- SD) and increased to 14 +/- 7.0 ng/mL after venous occlusion in 18 of these individuals. A linear correlation between total t-PA and free t-PA was observed with r = 0.92 (n = 18) and a slope of 1.08, indicating that t-PA released from the vessel wall circulates in the blood as the one-chain form. In 16 of 18 patients with deep vein thrombosis, the increase of total t-PA antigen after venous occlusion was comparable to that observed in controls, but the free t-PA was significantly lower or undetectable. The present assay for free t-PA may be useful for the investigation of the release and inhibition of t-PA under physiological, pharmacological, or pathological conditions in humans.
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Atherosclerosis and Metabolism (-)
Molecular and Vascular Biology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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