Fragments of three marble sculptures were discovered in the 1970s in the Roman baths of Shahba, the
birthplace of emperor Philip the Arab (ad 244-249). This small village, situated in Southern Syria, was
promoted by the emperor to city and colony rank under the name of Philippopolis. This short period
of ‘glory’ was translated into the urban development of the town, following the Graeco-Roman model.
Archaeometric investigation of marble samples of these sculptures, taken from hidden surfaces,
provides evidence for two marble quarry sources: Dokimeion and Mount Pentelikon.