Effect of enzymatic deimination on the conformation of recombinant prion protein
Young, Duncan S Meersman, Filip Oxley, David Webster, Judith Gill, Andrew C Bronstein, Igor Lowe, Christopher R Dear, Denise V # ×
Elsevier science bv
Biochimica et biophysica acta-proteins and proteomics vol:1794 issue:8 pages:1123-1133
Deimination is the post-translational conversion of arginine residues to citrulline. It has been implicated as a causative factor in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis and more recently, as a marker of neurodegeneration. We have investigated the effect of the post-translational modification of arginine residues on the structure of recombinant ovine prion protein. Deiminated prion protein exhibited biophysical properties characteristic of the scrapie-associated conformer of prion protein viz. an increased P-sheet secondary structure, congophilic structures indicative of amyloid and proteinase K resistance which could be templated onto normal unmodified prion protein. in the light of these findings, a potential role of post-translational modifications to prion protein in disease initiation or propagation is discussed. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.